The wonder of Asia
No doubt, Sri Lanka is wonder of Asia! Seductive beaches and inspiring water sports, lovely landscapes featuring lazy lagoons , fertile wetlands, ecologically-wondrous types of forest, imposing mountains, bounteous rivers and waterfalls, an plenty of wildlife – much of it endemic – unique ecosystems, inspiring heritage sites from aged cities to colonial forts, a vibrant culture including fine arts and crafts and grand festivals, and a people of diverse ethnicity and religious persuasion, charming and hospitable.
Contemporary tourist attractions like luxurious Ayurveda spas and broad-based shopping opportunities have evolved, and Sri Lanka has become one among the world’s most loved destinations to get married and enjoy a honeymoon.
Gondwanaland and beyond
It’s been therefore since the dawn of time. one hundred and sixty-six million years past, Sri Lanka was settled far south, nestled next to Republic of India and Madagascar within the very center of the super-continent called Gondwanaland. Republic of India and Sri Lanka, then linked, drifted northwards till this chunk of land impacted with Asia, making the the Himalaya. Later the bridge of limestone shoals that linked Sri Lanka with the Republic of India principally submerged, leaving a 30km divide.
Pearl, Teardrop, Mango
Therefore, was born an island with a particular shape, described as “the pearl within the necklace of India”, and likened to a teardrop, mango, pear and even a German type of ham – Westphalian. all these resemblances will be recognized most appealingly in photos form space, other likenesses are apparent when areas of the island are isolated: Mannar becomes an ideal dinosaur claw, and therefore the northern peninsula the top of a dugong, an endangered species that inhabits these waters.
The Stone Age
The human history of this island naturally began with its stone age — during this instance, remarkably, around 125,000 BC. Artefacts as well as stone tools unearthed date back many tens of thousands of years. Fifteen thousand years ago, wheat and barley were grown on mountain plateaux. Early man appears to have widespread, inhabiting the coast, the plains and therefore the hill country. The oldest trace of modern man in Asia, Balangoda Man, was unearthed in caves, and therefore the earliest evidence of steel-making within the ancient world, dating to the 31′ c. bc – in England it absolutely was the 14″‘c. AD!— has been found on a hillside wherever the wind was wont to enhance the furnace heat.
The third c. bc was important because of the arrival of Buddhism, that became the basis on which the country’s civilization was structured. Legend has it that within the sixth century bc, a particular prince Vijaya was banished from his Indian kingdom, sailed to Sri Lanka, became the island’s 1st king, and founded the Sinhalese face. The primary Sinhalese Kingdom developed around the town of Anuradhapura within the third c. BC. From the 5″‘to the 14′”c. AD invasions from southern India pushed the capital into remote places before it became established at Kandy. From 1505 to 1948 the island endured another multiplicity — occupancy and degrees of repression and manipulation by no less than 3 colonial powers, Portugal, Kingdom of The Netherlands and Great Britain. In 1978, the country became the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka.
Sri Lanka may be a multi-ethnic, multi-religious and multi-cultural society, a mirrored image of successive waves of foreign immigrants. The most ethnic groups today are the Sinhalese and Tamils. Then there are Muslims, the Malays and Chinese alongside the Dutch Burghers.
Whatever their situation in society, the people of state possess a warm and friendly nature reflected in persistent smiling faces and eagerness to assist those unfamiliar aspects of native life. You will find that Sri Lankans are notably charming and hospitable.
Beaches and Undersea
Sri Lanka is blessed a 1,330km coastline comprised of beaches — arrow-straight or curved within rocky bays – characterized by silvery-white sand and seaward-leaning, shade-giving coconut palms. On the west Negombo, Mount Lavinia, Bentota and Hikkaduwa, on the south coast Unawatuna, voted one or the ten best beaches within the world by the invention Channel, Weligama, Mirissa and Tangalle, on the north-west coast wizard, Passekudah, Kalkudah and Arugam Bay, listed as one of the top ten surf spots in the world, are a dozen of the island’s finest beach destinations. A bonus is that climate-wise Sri Lanka could be a convenient year-round destination because it experiences 2 monsoons that occur in opposite halves of the island at totally different times.
The tranquil, sapphire-blue waters (non-monsoon period) of the ocean have an ideal average temperature of 27°C. Diving and snorkeling are popular as coral reefs encircle the island. Several spectacular fish species may be encountered – groupers, barracuda, manta rays, stingrays, sharks — and 5 species of turtle. because the island was an ancient trade center there are several shipwrecks to explore, as well as 2 historically-important modern examples, the first oil tanker, the Shell-owned SS conch, sunk in 1903, and therefore the 1st purpose-made aircraft carrier, HMS Hermes, sunk by Japanese planes in 1942 as it sailed for Trincomalee, the fifth largest harbor within the world.
Water sports and journey activities rater sports include surfing — American and Australian surfers discovered the challenges of Hikkaduwa and Arugam Bay within the Sixties -ling, water-skiing, sailing, speed-boating a-boating. Away from the ocean, white-water mainly on the kelani Ganga (river), is an exhilarating experience. Trekking, rock climbing, caving and mountain biking are different journey activities.
Sri Lanka contains an astonishing seven UNESCO world heritage Sites among its compact shores — a similar as heritage-packed Egypt. Six are testament to a civilization with over 2,000 years of recorded history, whereas seventh, a natural site, boasts some of the best biodiversity outside the Amazon basin. Two of the sites, sacred Anuradhapura, probably the grandest town in Asia at its prime, and also the ancient town of Polonnaruwa, feature enormous Dagobas (dome-shaped structures) and Buddha statues. The Jetavana Dagoba at Anuradhapura (3rd c BC), was 120m tall, the world’s third highest structure. Now 75m, it still has the excellence of being the world’s largest brick structure.
Anuradhapura is that the location of the Sri Maha Bodhi Bo-tree, grown from the original tree under which the Buddha attained enlightenment. it’s the world’s oldest documented living tree. Polonnaruwa contains one amongst the world’s largest stone books, Gal Potha (“stone book”), 8.2m long and 1.4m wide.
The most intriguing and popular world Heritage site is Sigiriya (4th c. AD), dubbed “the eighth marvel of the world”, a stupendous rock on that a patricidal king designed a magnificent palace. The rock face was covered with sensual frescoes of celestial maidens, described as the world’s largest gallery. some frescoes exist, and there’s outstanding water garden complex, a wonderful example of Sri Lanka’s hydraulic sophistication.
Sigiriya attracted many visitors when it had been abandoned, so it’s believed to be one amongst the world’s oldest tourist sites. Those early tourists were exponents of graffiti, and Sigiriya’s “Mirror Wall” has been described as the world’s 1st interactive book because it is roofed with delightful poems.
A World Heritage site of a unique era is that the Dutch Fort at Galle, thought of the best preserved fort in South Asia. With fourteen massive bastions, a grid system of streets, and a few original Dutch bungalows, the fort bustles with life as it did when Galle was the main traveler port. it’s one of the foremost distinctive attractions in Sri Lanka.
Wildlife in Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka is one among the smallest, however biologically various countries in Asia. Indeed, the country is listed by Conservation International mutually of the world’s thirty-four official “Biodiversity Hostspots”. Additionally, The Sinharaja Forest Reserve, the country’s last viable space of primary tropical rainforest, is that the seventh UNESCO World Heritage site. Sri Lanka’s high proportion of endemic species is exceptional. Take land crabs: all fifty-one species are endemic.
Influenced by Buddhist respect for all living beings, Sri Lanka has a well-entrenched conservation ethic. Indeed, Udawattakelle Sanctuary in kandy is perhaps the world’s oldest protected area. There are twelve National Parks and fifty-two Sanctuaries, that together account for thirteen of Sri Lanka’s land areas.
A national park safari offers the possibility to see a number of Sri Lanka’s ninety-two mammals (16 endemic) – elephant, leopard, sloth bear, sambur, noticed deer, mouse – and barking-deer, porcupine, ant-eater, civet cat, giant squirrel, and monkeys like the macaque, purple-faced leaf monkey and grey langur.
Yala national park is believed to have the world’s highest concentration of leopards. Uda Walawe national park is known for its elephants, however Minneriya national park boasts the amazing season “Gathering”, during which herds of elephants congregate to drink the region’s remaining water.
Sri Lanka is one among the world’s best places to see blue whales. sperm whales, killer whales, pilot whales and dolphins also are often noticed on whale watching trips from Mirissa on the south coast. As mentioned, the dugong frequents the north-west coast and also the island’s beaches are visited by 5 of the seven turtle species.
The island is an ornithologist’s paradise, with over 233 resident bird species, (33 endemic) – however migratory species stretch that to an astounding 482. There are 171 reptile species (101 endemic as well as 2 crocodile species). Thankfully, only 5 of the eighty three snake species are deadly. The island also has 244 species of butterflies and one hundred twenty species of dragonflies.
With its biodiversity and varying eco-systems Sri Lanka could be a prime eco-tourism destination. Places to go to embrace Sinharaja Forest Reserve and Knuckles mountain range; the National parks of Yala, Udawalawe, Bundala Horton Plains, Minneriya and Kaudulla; and therefore the rock edifices of Ritigala and Pidurangala.
Sri Lanka could be a place in which not simply the body but additionally the soul will be restored. Ayurveda — the world’s oldest and most holistic medical system — has been practiced for hundreds of years. These days it’ an experience that is more and more wanted by tourists. Fortunately, Sri Lanka could be a specific destination for Ayurvedic treatment, obtainable in varied, stylish spas, many of which provide a variety of diverse holistic treatments.
Shopping in Sri Lanka
The commodity most magnificently related to Sri Lanka is tea or more exactly Ceyon tea. Indeed, the country is that the world’s third largest producer of tea. If you would like to buy the best freshest tea — black, green or white – visit an estate and witness how the green leaves are processed to become the product you encounter within the kitchen. Similarly. Sri Lanka’s noted spices – cinnamon, cardamom, cloves – should be purchased at a spice garden.
There are plentiful traditional handicrafts made from silver, brass, wood, leather and cane. Sri Lanka possesses forty-five of the world’s eighty gems – the widest sort of any gem producing country – rubies, sapphires, cat’s eyes, alexandrite, garnets, moonstones, topaz, aquamarines, amethysts, and zircons among them. A visit to 1 of Colombo’s air-conditioned shopping malls can bring back light fantastic bargains on clothes and shoes manufactured for export.
Weddings & Honeymoons
Sri Lanka has become one of the world’s preferred destinations to get married and enjoy a honeymoon. little marvel, for more and more visitors are getting married in traditional style in Sri Lanka. It is a supernatural setting to decide on for a public declaration of a lifelong commitment.
This is an island of supernatural proportions, once called Serendib, Taprobane, the Pearl of the Indian Ocean, and Ceylon. Discover refreshfully Sri Lanka!
Some other information might help once travel to the wonder of Asia:
Country Name: Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
Tyoe of the Government: Republic
Country Location: Latitude 5° 55. To 9° 50. North, Longitude 79° 42. to 81° 52., 650km North of the equator
Dimensions: 430km North to South, 225km East to West
Country Currency: Sri Lankan Rupee (LKR)
Administrative Capital: Sri Jayewardenepura
Commercial Capital: Colombo
Administrative Divisions: Typically tropical, with a northeast monsoon (December to March) bringing unsettled weather to the north and east, and a southwest monsoon (June to October) bringing bad weather to the south and west
Terrain: Mostly low, flat to rolling plain; mountains in south-central interior
Highest Mountain: Pidurutalagala, 2,524m
Highest Waterfall: Bambarakanda, 263m
National Flower: The Blue Water Lily (Nymphaea stellata).
National Parks: 8,000sq.km
Country Population: 21,128,773
Ethnic Groups: Sinhalese 73.8%, Sri Lankan Moors 7.2%, Indian Tamil 4.6%, Sri Lankan Tamil 3.9%, other 0.5%, unspecified 10% (2001 census)
Languages: Sinhala (official and national language) 74%, Tamil (national language) 18%, other 8%
Note: English (a link language commonly) is used in government and spoken competently by about 10% of the population
Time Zone: Standard Time is five and a half hours ahead of GMT. (Allowance should be made for summer-time changes in Europe.)
Country Code: +94
Electricity: 230. 240 volts, 50 cycles AC